PRAXIS:  "The action and reflection of people upon their world in order to transform it."

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Cultural Safety: A Framework for Changing Attitudes

Pamela Wood, RGON, BA, Med Dip Tchg (Tert), Senior Lecurer, Department of Nursing  and Midwifery, Otago Polytechnic

 Margaret Schwass, Cultural Safety Coordinator, Department of Nursing & Health Education, Christchurch Polytechnic

Reference: Wood, P, Schwass, M. (1993). Cultural Safety: A Framework for Changing Attitudes Nursing Praxis in New Zealand 8(1), 4-15
 Introduction

When nursing first recognised cultural difference as an issue for nursing practice, it framed it in terms of achieving sensitivity to the needs of people of different cultures.  A significant shift came in 1988.  At the Hui Waimanawa a Maori nursing student stood and said, “Why can’t we go one step further than cultural sensitivity and have cultural safety?”  The notion of safety was a meaningful one for nurses.  The profession was committed to providing safe nursing practice and the focus of nursing registration examinations was safety.  With this nursing student’s question, the spirit and vision of cultural safety was created.

 
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