Professional Closure: Constructing the Image of New Zealand Nursing 1880-1940
Kathryn Wilson, RGON, MA Dip.Bus.Stud.(Mgt), FCNA (NZ). Education Officer, Nursing Council of New Zealand
Reference: Wilson, K. (1998). Professional Closure: Constructing the Image of New Zealand Nursing 1880-1940. Nursing Praxis in New Zealand, 13(1), 12-22.
The concept of professional closure is a sociological explanation for the way that professions limit their membership. From early in the nineteenth century the medical profession in New Zealand promoted exclusionary closure strategies which ensured their control over the health-related occupational groups. This paper examines the way that professional closure has shaped the development of nursing in this country since Nightingale nurses arrived in New Zealand in the 1880’s, and how professional closure effectively constructed the image of New Zealand nursing through the discourse of vocationism during the sixty year period 1880 – 1940.