Cardiovascular health profile of Filipinos living in New Zealand: A cross-sectional survey
Te hauora ā-manawa o ngā tangata Piripīni e noho ana i Aotearoa: He rangahau whakapae
Jed Montayre, PhD, RN, Senior Lecturer, School of Nursing & Midwifery
Stephen Neville, PhD, RN, Professor of Wellbeing & Ageing; Head of School
Eliazar Dimalapang, MA(Stats), Design Analyst
Caleb Ferguson, PhD, RN, Associate Professor, School of Nursing
Reference: Montayre, J., Neville, S., Dimalapang, E., & Ferguson, C. (2022). Cardiovascular health profile of Filipinos living in New Zealand: A cross-sectional survey. Nursing Praxis in Aotearoa New Zealand, 38(1), 38-48. https://doi.org/10.36951/27034542.2022.05
The exponential growth of Filipino immigrants living in Aotearoa New Zealand has been well documented. However, there is limited information about their health status, particularly in relation to cardiovascular health. This study examined the status and factors contributing to the cardiovascular health of Filipino immigrants residing in Aotearoa New Zealand. A cross-sectional survey was undertaken to collect data. Chi-square and independent t–tests were used to determine differences between groups. Logistic regression was fitted to determine factors associated with the presence of a health condition. Odds ratios with 95% confidence interval are presented. The increased odds for having at least one cardiovascular risk factor among participants include those who have lived in Aotearoa New Zealand for more than three years, male sex, overweight or obese individuals, having poor to fair perception of health, and those who were current smokers. High cardiovascular risk decreased by 23% for a one hour increase in daily sleep. Our findings are similar to those reported for Filipino immigrant communities in other countries. Cardiovascular risk reduction strategies should be targeted to meet the specific ethno-cultural needs of Filipinos, acknowledging personal and inherent factors, in addition to the socio-economic environment. Such interventions should specifically address common risk factors such as physical inactivity, low fruit and vegetable intake, and sleep quantity, together with broader social and employment policies to promote the health and wellbeing of Filipino communities.
Ngā ariā matua
E mōhio nuitia ana te kaha tupuranga ake o ngā manene mai i Piripīni kei Aotearoa me Ahitereiria e noho ana. Ahakoa tērā, he iti anō ngā mōhiotanga e wātea ana mō tō rātou hauora, otirā mō ngā hauora manawa, he tino pērā. I tirohia te āhua o te hauora me ōna pūtake ka pā ki te hauora manawa o ngā manene mai i Piripīni kei Aotearoa e noho ana, i tēnei rangahau. I kawea he rangahau whakapae hei kohikohi i ngā raraunga. I whakamahi he whakamātautau Chi-square, he whakamātautau-t motuhake hoki hei tautohu i ngā rerekētanga i waenga i ngā rōpū. I whakamahia te wehewehenga āe, kāore hei tautohu i ngā pūtake mō ia momo māuiui. E whakaaturia ana ngā ōwehenga takahanga 95% te pono. Ko ngā pūtake tērā pea ka kitea tētahi, neke atu rānei o ngā mōreatanga māuiui manawa i waenga i te hunga whai wāhi, ko ērā kua noho i Aotearoa kia neke atu i te toru tau, he ira tāne, he āhua taumaha te tinana, he tino taumaha rānei, me ērā e kaipaipa ana i tēnei wā. I heke atu ngā mōreatanga māuiui manawa mā te 23%, ki te whakapikia ngā hāora moe mā te kotahi hāora ia rā. He āhua rite ō mātou kitenga ki ērā e whakapūrongotia ana mō ētahi atu hapori manene Piripīni i tāwāhi. Me whakahāngai ngā rautaki whakaheke mōrearea māuiui manawa kia hāngai ki ngā hiahia ā-momo iwi, ā-ahurea hoki o ngā tāngata o Piripīni, me te whakamiha i ngā āhuatanga whaiaro, taketake hoki nō te momo tangata, i tua atu hoki i te horopaki pāpori, ōhanga hoki. Me āta hāngai aua mahi ki ngā mōreatanga e kitea pūputuria ana pēnei i te noho noa, i te iti o te kai huarākau, huawhenua, me te rahi o ngā hāora moe, waihoki ko ngā kaupapa here pāpori, whiwhinga mahi hoki hei whakapiki i te hauora me te toiora o ngā hapori Piripīni.
Keywords / Ngā kupu matua
cardiovascular health/te hauora manawa; cardiovascular risk/te mōrearea māuiui manawa; Filipinos/ngā tāngata Piripīni; health survey/rangahau hauora; migrant health/hauora manene; New Zealand/Aotearoa